motte and bailey pronunciation

De Las Casas Primary Source *Be sure to bring your video worksheet back to class tomorrow* 9/25/14 Brief Account if the Devastation of the Indies. The other, by putting them to death, who hitherto, thirsted after their Liberty, or designed (which the most Potent, Strenuous and Magnanimous Spirits intended) to recover their pristine Freedom, and shake off the Shackles of so injurious a Captivity: For they being taken off in War, none but Women and Children were permitted to enjoy the benefit of that Country-Air…, Now the ultimate end and scope that incited the Spaniards to endeavor the Extirpation and Desolation of this People, was Gold only…. Bartolomé de Las Casas, A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies… (Project Gutenberg EBook: 2007), 9-16. In 1512 or 1513, Las Casas was ordained a Roman Catholic priest, probably the first to receive holy orders in the Western Hemisphere. A prolific writer and in his later years an influential figure of the Spanish court, Las Casas nonetheless failed to stay the progressive enslavement of the indigenous peoples of Latin America. Bartolomé de Las Casas, a Spanish Dominican priest, wrote directly to the King of Spain hoping for new laws to prevent the brutal exploitation of Native Americans. Credible Not Credible Especially consider Las Casas’ Point of View when evaluating his credibility. Bartoleme de Las Casas, Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies. Las Casas, Bartolomé de. In the following year a great many Spaniards went there with the intention of settling the land. His journals serve as a primary source of what happened and there is no doubt about it; the Spanish were cruel in the conquest for gold and land. In 1502 he left for Hispaniola, in the West Indies, with the governor, Nicolás de Ovando. And this also is as really true that the _Spaniards_ never received any injury from the Indians, but that they rather reverenced them as Persons descended from Heaven, until that they were compelled to take up Arms, provoked thereunto by repeated Injuries, violent Torments, and unjust Butcheries. In 1502 he left for Hispaniola, the island that today contains the states of Dominican Republic and Haiti. Omissions? Perhaps the first person in America to receive holy orders, he was ordained a priest in either 1512 or 1513. Source Corbis. As early as 1522 Bartolome de Las Casas worked to denounce these activities on political, economic, moral, and religious grounds by chronicling the actions of the conquistadors f… Bartolomé de las Casas was a 16th-century Spanish landowner, friar, priest, and bishop, famed as a historian and social reformer. Seville: Sebastian Trugillo, 1552. Shortly after its publication in 1542, King Charles I passed several “New Laws” benefiting Indian serfs. Las Casas and a group of farm labourers departed for America in December 1520. Gutiérrez, Konetzke, R. Colección de documentos para la historia de la formación social de Hispanoamérica (1493–1810) Madrid 1953 216. The source describes his connection with Bartolome de las Casas. The polemic was likely a key factor in King Charles I’s decision to issue the “New Laws” in 1542. Source: We have used a modernized version of an early English translation of the work by an individual known only as M.M.S., retitled The Spanish Colonie (London: 1583); available online: https://goo.gl/H2YDtk. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Bartolome-de-Las-Casas, United States History - Biography of Bartolomé de Las Casas, The Mariners' Museum - Exploration through the Ages - Biography of Bartolomé de las Casas, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Bartolome de las Casas, Bartolomé de Las Casas - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Bartolomé de Las Casas - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias. The first source presented is a Spanish priest/missionary named Bartolome De Las Casas, who declares that the Christian Spaniards treated the Indigenous peoples in the Americas poorly, by not converting them to the Christian faith before their cruel and torturous deaths from the abusive behavior. Bartolomé de Las Casas was born in 1484 in Sevilla, Spain. Bartolomé de las Casas A SHORT ACCOUNT OF THE DESTRUCTION OF THE INDIES written 1542, published 1552* [EXCERPTS] _____ PRESENTATION by Bishop don Fray Bartolomé de las Casas or Casaus, to the most high and potent lord Prince of all the Spains don Felipe, our lord_____ Most high and potent lord: Because divine providence has ordered in this world Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In the following year a great many Spaniards went there with the intention of settling the land. Today. The Spaniards first assaulted the innocent Sheep, so qualified by the Almighty, like most cruel tigers, wolves, and lions, hunger-starved, studying nothing, for the space of Forty Years, after their first landing, but the Massacre of these Wretches, whom they have so inhumanely and barbarously butchered and harassed with several kinds of Torments, never before known, or heard (of which you shall have some account in the following Discourse) that of Three Millions of Persons, which lived in Hispaniola itself, there is at present but the inconsiderable remnant of scarce Three Hundred. X. Tratados de 1552 Madrid Alianza Editorial 1992. The Fifth Kingdom1 was Hiquey, over which Queen Hiquanama, an elderly Princess, whom the Spaniards Crucified, presided and governed. Although during his first 12 years in America Las Casas was a willing participant in the conquest of the Caribbean, he did not indefinitely remain indifferent to the fate of the indigenous peoples. The failure to recruit a sufficient number of farmers, the opposition of the encomenderos of Santo Domingo, and, finally, an attack by the Indians themselves all were factors that brought disaster to the experiment in January 1522. In 1514, he gave up his encomienda in response to his growing concerns about the treatment of Indians in Spanish America. Upon his return to Santo Domingo, the unsuccessful priest and political reformer abandoned his reforming activities to take refuge in religious life. They in- His extensive writings, the most famous being A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies and Historia de Las Indias, chronicle the first decades of colonization of the West Indies. (1542) The Indies were discovered in the year one thousand four hundred and ninety-two. The most influential person to take up his cause was Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, the archbishop of Toledo and future co-regent of Spain. His several works include Historia de las Indias (first printed in 1875). Finally, in one word, their Ambition and Avarice, than which the heart of Man never entertained greater, and the vast Wealth of those Regions; the Humility and Patience of the Inhabitants (which made their approach to these Lands more easy) did much promote the business: Whom they so despicably contemned, that they treated them (I speak of things which I was an Eye Witness of, without the least fallacy) not as Beasts, which I cordially wished they would, but as the most abject dung and filth of the Earth; and so solicitous they were of their Life and Soul, that the above-mentioned number of People died without understanding the true Faith or Sacraments. Those that arrived at these Islands from the remotest parts of Spain, and who pride themselves in the Name of Christians, steered Two courses principally, in order to the Extirpation, and Exterminating of this People from the face of the Earth. His father was a merchant and was acquainted with the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus.Young Bartolomé, then about 9 years old, was in Seville when Columbus returned from his first voyage in 1493; he might have met members of the Taíno tribe who Columbus enslaved and brought back with him from the … His journals serve as a primary source of what happened and there is no doubt about it; the Spanish were cruel in the conquest for gold and land. As to the firm land, we are certainly satisfied, and assured, that the Spaniards by their barbarous and execrable Actions have absolutely depopulated Ten Kingdoms, of greater extent than all Spain, together with the Kingdoms of Aragon and Portugal, that is to say, above One Thousand Miles, which now lye waste and desolate, and are absolutely ruined, when as formerly no other Country whatsoever was more populous. Recommended Annotation Visible only to you Bartolomé de Las Casas originally left Spain in 1502 and headed to Hispanola. Spanish Conquistadors in the West Indies This account is from Bartolome de Las Casas. Bartolomé de las Casas Portrait de Bartolomé de las Casas (anonyme, XVI e siècle). WHY YOU SHOULD CARE. The laws threatened the existence of the treasured encomienda system. Las Casas’s work finally seemed to be crowned with success when King Charles signed the so-called New Laws (Leyes Nuevas). The Dominican friar, Bartolomé de las Casas (1474-1566) founding an Indian colony in Cumana (Venezuela). I saw an infinite number of these … 5.7: Primary Source: Bartolomé de Las Casas Describes the Exploitation of Indigenous Peoples, 1542 Last updated; Save as PDF Page ID 60919; No headers. Bartolomé de Las Casas was born around 1484 in Seville, Spain. Under the New Laws, encomenderos (land grantees) were required to release the serfs on their land after the span of a single generation. Las Casas thenceforth advocated for better treatment of the American Indians. . Bartolomé de Las Casas was a prolific writer. In 1513 he took part in the bloody conquest of Cuba and, as priest-encomendero (land grantee), received an allotment of Indian serfs. Overview. Spanish Conquistadors in the West Indies This account is from Bartolome de Las Casas. Bartolomé de Las Casas, a Spanish Dominican priest, wrote directly to the King of Spain hoping for new laws to prevent the brutal exploitation of Native Americans. Book. Bartolomé de Las Casas did own serfs. Encouraged by the favourable outcome of this experiment, Las Casas set out for Spain late in 1539, arriving there in 1540. After participating in the conquest of Cuba, Las Casas freed his own slaves and spoke out against Spanish cruelties and injustices in the empire. It was Las Casas’s intention to reveal to Spain the reason for the misfortune that would inevitably befall it when it became the object of God’s punishment. Breuissima relacion de la destruycion de las Indias: colegida por el Obispo do fray Bartolomé de las Casas o Casaus, de la orden de Sãcto Domingo. The purpose of all the facts he sets forth is the exposure of the “sin” of domination, oppression, and injustice that the European was inflicting upon the newly discovered peoples. Microcard edition. While awaiting an audience with Charles V, Las Casas conceived the idea of still another work, the Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias (A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies), which he wrote in 1542 and in which the historical events described are in themselves of less importance than their theological interpretation: “The reason why the Christians have killed and destroyed such an infinite number of souls is that they have been moved by their wish for gold and their desire to enrich themselves in a very short time.”. Las Casas quickly evangelized the serfs on his land, and, in either 1512 or 1513, he became a priest. The natives are capable of Morality or Goodness and very apt to receive the principles of Catholic Religion; nor are they averse to Civility and good Manners…, I myself have heard the Spaniards themselves (who dare not assume the Confidence to deny the good Nature in them) declare, that there was nothing wanting in them for the acquisition of eternal grace, but the sole Knowledge and Understanding of the Deity…. In 1515–16 he developed a plan for the reformation of the Indies with the help of religious reformer Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros. He was a Spanish missionary who accompanied the conquistadors in their conquest of Cuba. Early Life . Bartolomé de Las Casas, a Spanish Dominican priest, wrote directly to the King of Spain hoping for new laws to prevent the brutal exploitation of Native Americans. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Abstract: This website has several quotes from Bartolome de las Casas, a young priest who traveled abroad with Columbus after his first trip. He is remembered as “the Apostle of the Indians,” the man who first exposed the oppression of the indigenous peoples by Europeans in the colonies of the West Indies. Some are those who are attracted by the eminence of Christopher Columbus, the discov-erer of "the new heaven and earth," and devote years of work to formulating opinions on the Columbian historical sources. Corrections? Las Casas—who was ordained in either 1512 or 1513—may have been the first person in America to receive holy orders. . Seville, Fray Bartolome de las Casas, has been, and continues to be, studied by many authors. Author of, West Indies: European exploration and colonialism, 1492–1800. As a young man, Las Casas participated in several military expeditions in the West Indies. Nay the Isle of Cuba, which extends as far, as Valladolid in Spain is distant from Rome, lies now uncultivated, like a Desert, and entombed in its own Ruins. He argued for the equal humanity and natural rights of the Native Americans. There are other Islands Thirty in number, and upward bordering upon the Isle of St. John, totally unpeopled; all which are above Two Thousand miles in length, and yet remain without Inhabitants, Native, or People. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Four years later, while serving as prior of the convent of Puerto de Plata, a town in northern Santo Domingo, he began to write the Historia apologética. This site gives some statistics and also Columbus’ initial thoughts on the land and people he just discovered. Nay we dare boldly affirm, that during the Forty Years space, wherein they exercised their sanguinary and detestable Tyranny in these Regions, above Twelve Millions (computing Men, Women, and Children) have undeservedly perished; nor do I conceive that I should deviate from the Truth by saying that above Fifty Millions in all paid their last Debt to Nature. A prophetic interpretation of events seemed to be crowned with success when Charles. Refuge in religious life Hispaniola, in the Americas after its publication in 1542, King Charles passed! Northern part of present-day Venezuela a group of farm labourers departed for America December... Hiquey, over which Queen Hiquanama, an elderly Princess, whom the Spaniards Crucified, presided and governed statistics! Spanish rule and the role that Bartolome de Las Casas quickly evangelized the serfs his. Cause was Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, the unsuccessful priest and missionary in the year thousand! 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For America in December 1520 and ninety-two by five fact-based and critical thinking questions perfect for either an extension assignment... Upon his return to Santo Domingo, the island that today contains the states of Dominican Republic Haiti! Finally seemed to be crowned with success when King Charles I passed several “ New (... In America to receive holy orders, he became a priest elementary and high school students 1512! Apologética was to serve as the first Spanish settlers in the West Indies, with the help of reformer.

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